We continue the presentation of short videos about the attempts to adapt to the changing climate undertaken by small-scale farmers in the global South countries. This time we pay a visit to farmers in Burkina Faso in Western Africa.
The first video tells the story of Helene Nana, a female farmer from the Yatenga Province. She describes how the local climate has changed in the last 20 years and how it has impacted the crop yields. Local farmers are forced to adapt to the new conditions. Helen decided to complement her not enough rainy season's harvest with the additional cultivation of various vegetables. As a result she has now sufficient income to send her children to school and provide them with medical care. Since the vegetable cultivation requires adequate watering, Helene took a micro-loan in order to install a small pump which enables her to get water from the nearby dam. Currently, more than 100 women in the area started vegetable gardens and consequently the local communities have work as well as food and income source also during the dry season. Watch the video here.
Ganame Ousseni is a farmer from Ninguni village. He cultivates 9 ha of land and have 20 cows. In the video he explains how in the last decades the local environment has changed. He describes also how the climate change forces local farmers to transform their agricultural practices by undertaking at the same time land cultivation and cattle farming. Watch the video here.
Hermann Togo from Ouahigouya in the Yatenga province works for a local farmer association where he provides advisory services for family farms. In the video he explains how the association responds to the needs of local farmers and helps them adapt to the changing climate. One of the methods used by the association is running a radio station for farmers. It is called "La Voix du Paysan" ("The farmer's voice") and serves as a communication tool which allows farmers to quickly disseminate over a large area various information, for example related to weather, new farming techniques etc. The activities of the association aimed at diversification of production and boosting yields have helped to increase income and improve the quality of life of many local farmer families. Watch the video here.
Ganame Adama is a farmer living in Ninigui village. In the video he describes how he managed to successfully adapt to the changes in the rainfall patterns and is able to feed his family. He achieved that by using more sustainable farming techniques, protecting the trees on his land and optimizing the use of water by building, for example, small stone dams. He explains that along with the changing climate also farmers need to change. They can not just sit back and wait until someone else tells them what to do or does their work for them. Watch the video here.
Photo credit: Dominic Chavez / World Bank (Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0)