In another series of short videos farmers from the Global South speak about their struggle with the consequences of climate change. This time you can learn more about the challenges faced by small-scale farmers in Ghana.
In the first video, Naakpi Kuunwena, a farmer from Koyukuo village in the north-western part of Ghana, talks about the impact of climate change on his crops. He is especially concerned about the changes in the rainfall pattern observed in the recent years as well as the increasing water scarcity and the lack of necessary irrigation infrastructure such as dam. The appropriate irrigation system is essential in the current situation of growing problems with rains. Even though an NGO has drilled a borehole in his fields, it is not enough as it allows to fill only a couple of buckets. Naakpi additionally pumps the water to his fields from the nearby river, but this water source is also unreliable because the river dries up too fast in the dry season. Watch the video here.
The second video presents Yusif Hadi, a hard-working cattleman and a farmer from Koyukuo village. He talks about the increasing lack of rainfall in the area and its negative consequences on crops and the availability of the animal feed. The cattlemen are forced to change the feeding habits of their herds by supplementing the fodder with maize husks and groundnut tops. Another strategy used by Yusif to adapt to the changing climate and shorter rain seasons is planting faster growing maize varieties. Watch the video here.
In the next video, Joel Yiri, a farmer from Jiripa village, explains his business approach to farming which has allowed him to significantly improve the situation of his farm. For some time he has been using pig manure as a fertilizer on his fields, which has helped him to increase his maize yields and consequently also his income. Joel points out that changes in the rainfall patterns mean that local farmers have to adapt to the new circumstances. This can be done in various ways, for example through crop diversification. Watch the video here.
The last video focuses on Jumuo Namaayi, who is a farmer from Koyukuo village. He describes how over the last few years the rainy season has become shorter and how this has impacted various crops and the production of fruits such as mango. The fruits increasingly do not ripen in time and are attacked by more pests and diseases. Local farmers have also problem with growing maize. Not enough yields force villagers to migrate south in search of work. One response to to this situation suggested by the authorities has been to include new crop varieties which grow faster. Watch the video here.
Photo credit: Neil Palmer / CIAT (Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0)